The sixth extensive state and sixteenth most populous state of United States of America is Arizona. Arizona, due to its large area and variation in elevation, has varied localized climate. Arizona is famous for its desert, Douglas fir, which is a high plateau with mountain ranges, and deep canyons. Interestingly, Arizona is one of the four cornered state of USA having all its sides land-locked. It has achieved statehood on February 14, 1912.
Arizona is in the south western region of USA, surrounded by Utah, Mexican State of Sonora, New Mexico and Nevada. In the western side along the Colorado River it shares its water borders with California and Mexican state of Baja California.
Of its total area of 2 95,253 sq.km, only 0.32% consists of water, which makes it a state of second lowest percentage of water area. It has the longest span of 628 km and has an average elevation of 4000 feet. About sixty five percent of the total population of Arizona resides in the Maricopa County, the seat of which is Phoenix (the capital of Arizona). There are 21 federally-recognized tribes residing in Arizona.
Spanish and European explorers entered into the area, which was originally a part of Mexico. Spain established fortified cities in the area to protect themselves from local tribes. It, hence, became the colony of Spain. When Mexico got independence from Spain in the year 1821, it became the part of the territory of Nueva California. Subsequently in the Mexican – American war, America won and persuaded Mexico to surrender a major part of it in the northern including Arizona. However, disputes continued and wars became a regular matter. In 1848, with the treaty of Guadalupe hidalgo, America paid a hefty compensation of 15 million USD$ and got the area, presently known as Arizona.
It has varied climate due to its vast area and range of elevation. On an overall, most of Arizona receives little precipitation and is classified as having an arid or semi-arid climate. The northern part tends to have cooler climates, while southern parts tend to be warm throughout the year. Snow is not uncommon in portions of Arizona, which occurs in November through March.
Places to visit in Arizona
Bustling city or silent mountains? Warm deserts or snowy peaks? In Arizona, the choice is yours-and nowhere else will you find so many choices. With 5 distinct regions, dozens of national and state parks-including the Grand Canyon-and hundreds of towns and cities, Arizona’s landscape is diverse and beautiful.
Outdoor adventure, golfing, shopping, vibrant cultures, historic landmarks and amazing art scenes are just the opening of all the things one can see, do and experience while sightseeing in Arizona.
There are self catering holiday homes or private villas which can be rented from both private individuals or small and large agents. It gives an access to the best choices in terms of availability, prices and holiday destinations.